Sunday, March 11, 2012

New addition of Notes & Books of Physics and Chemistry

Hi all...
As requested by you all, i have added rest of the notes of physics which includes Mechanics, Optics (little bit) and Thermodynamics....I had made little notes of Optics so it is combined with Mechanics Notes....
I have also added the following books in Physics:

1. Lot of books for Optics: like Ajoy Ghatak, Hecht, Jenkins and White, etc...
2. I have added Quantum Mechanics: Concepts and Applications by Nouredine Zettili
3. I have added Solution manual to the Electrodynamics by Griffiths...
4. Special Theory of Relativity by Resnick
5. Solution manual for Civil Services mains examination of Physics for the years (2000 and 2004)

I have added following books in Chemistry section:
1. Problems and their solution to Advance Organic Chemistry by Carey and Sundberg (Part-A and Part B)

I have also added the previous year's question papers of Indian Forest Service Examination for the years 2000-2011 ( both for Physics and Chemistry)

here is the link for downloading notes:

Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Strategy for Physics Paper-II

1. Quantum Mechanics:

Syllabus: Wave-particle duality; Schrödinger equation and expectation values; Uncertainty Principle; Solutions of the one-dimensional, Schrödinger equation for a free particle (Gaussian wave-packet), particle in a box, particle in a finite well, linear harmonic oscillator; Reflection and transmission by a step potential and by a rectangular barrier; Particle in a three dimensional box, density of states, free electron theory of metals; Angular momentum; Hydrogen atom; Spin half particles, properties of Pauli spin matrices.

Reference Books are:

1. Quantum Physics by H.C.Verma ( Latest Edition)

2. Quantum Mechanics: Concepts and Applications by Nouredine Zettili

3. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (2nd Edition) by David J. Griffiths

4. Schaum's Outline of Quantum Mechanics, Second Edition

5. Quantum Mechanics by Ghatak and Loganathan

6. Quantum Mechanics by Satya Prakash

7. Problems in General Physics: I.E.Irodov ( do chapter of Quantum Mechanics)

(First Three books are a must read for Quantum Mechanics)

v Do all the problems from the latest edition of Quantum Physics by H.C. Verma

v Do all the solved and unsolved questions from Zettili

v Do all the questions (both Solved and unsolved) from Griffiths…In 2008 mains exam, three 10 marker questions were from this book.

v Schrödinger equation for a free particle (Gaussian wave-packet) is a topic from where very few questions have been asked…so prepare it thoroughly….do the derivation from Quantum Mechanics by Griffiths

v Reflection and transmission by a step potential and by a rectangular barrier: Try and prepare it for 30 markers…

v Free Electron Theory of Metals: in this topic prepare the electrical Conductivity, Para magnetism of free electrons, Thermionic emission of electrons, also prepare the success and failures of Free Electron Theory

v Hydrogen Atom: do proper derivation and practice it at least 50 times otherwise u will not be able to reproduce it in the exam.

v Prepare the derivation of Spin Half Particles…In IAS2008 exam a 10 marks question was asked from this topic.

2. Atomic and Molecular Physics:

Stern-Gerlach experiment, electron spin, fine structure of hydrogen atom; L-S coupling, J-J coupling; Spectroscopic notation of atomic states; Zeeman effect; Frank- Condon principle and applications; Elementary theory of rotational, Vibrational and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules; Raman effect and molecular structure; Laser Raman spectroscopy; Importance of neutral hydrogen atom, molecular hydrogen and molecular hydrogen ion in astronomy; Fluorescence and Phosphorescence; Elementary theory and applications of NMR and EPR; Elementary ideas about Lamb shift and its significance.

Reference Books are:

1. Atomic and Molecular Physics : Raj Kumar (a must read)

2. Quantum Physics of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei, and Particles : Resnick and Eisberg (a must read)

3. Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy: Banwell (a must read)

4. Concepts of Modern Physics: Arthur Beiser

5. Problems in General Physics: I. E. Irodov

6. Schaum's Outline of Modern Physics

v Raj Kumar and Banwell both are good for Atomic and Molecular Physics and are must read.

v Do read the chapter of Atomic Physics from Resnick and Eisberg

v There is one good chapter on Atomic Physics in Beiser so read that….

v Do solve all the end of the chapter problems of Banwell…many of them were asked in previous examinations

v Prepare the Stern Gerlarch Experiment from Resnick and Eisberg

v Electron spin : Prepare a good write up from Resnick and Eisberg

v Laser Raman Spectroscopy: do not waste your time on searching this topic as hardly any material is available on internet.

v Prepare good derivation for fine structure of Hydrogen Atom, by combining the concepts of Eisberg and also from Quantum Mechanics’ Griffiths

v Prepare the experimental set up for Zeeman Effect

v Elementary theory and applications of NMR can be read from Nuclear Physics book by S.B.Patel

v Some good problems of Atomic Physics are mentioned in Irodov so do solve them

v Prepare the role of 21cm line in Astronomy…do not waste much time on finding the role of molecular hydrogen and molecular hydrogen ion in astronomy…hardly any material is available on internet also….

v Do solve some of the examples from Schaum's Outline of Modern Physics

v Do Solve previously asked questions of Molecular Physics as many of them are repeatedly asked. In fact it would be good if one prepare model answers of these questions. This helps a lot during the exam in compressing the answers in the given marks format.

3. Nuclear and Particle Physics:

Basic nuclear properties-size, binding energy, angular momentum, parity, magnetic moment; Semi-empirical mass formula and applications, mass parabolas; Ground state of deuteron, magnetic moment and non-central forces; Meson theory of nuclear forces; Salient features of nuclear forces; Shell model of the nucleus - successes and limitations; Violation of parity in beta decay; Gamma decay and internal conversion; Elementary ideas about Mossbauer spectroscopy; Q-value of nuclear reactions; Nuclear fission and fusion, energy production in stars; Nuclear reactors. Classification of elementary particles and their interactions; Conservation laws; Quark structure of hadrons; Field quanta of electroweak and strong interactions; Elementary ideas about unification of forces; Physics of neutrinos.

Reference Books: In nuclear physics no book covers the whole syllabus so one will have to refer all the books that I have mentioned….although I have tried to cover almost everything in my hand written notes…so u can read from there…

1. Nuclear Physics by S.B.Patel

2. Nuclear Physics by D.C.Tayal

3. Nuclear Physics by S.N.Ghoshal

4. Nuclear Physics by Pandya & Yadav

5. Concepts of Modern Physics: Arther Beiser

6. Quantum Physics of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei, and Particles : Resnick and Eisberg

7. UGC Net Guide on Physics

Note: To start with read all the chapters related to Nuclear Physics from both Arthur Beiser and Resnick & Eisberg...S.N.Ghoshal is one of the best book for Nuclear Physics

v Nuclear Size: Prepare the concept of nuclear size and also the experiments to judge nuclear size. Do it from S.B.Patel, S.N.Ghoshal.

v Binding Energy: do it from all the books as it has a lot of concepts like binding fraction, properties of binding energy curve

v Parity : mainly the concept of parity is to be prepared

v Magnetic Moment : basically the concept of magnetic moment is to prepared from Resnick & Eisberg and also from D.C.Tayal & S.N.Ghoshal….also prepare the measurement of the magnetic moment of neutron from S.B.Patel

v Semi-empirical mass formula and applications, Mass Parabolas: Prepare the derivation of Semi-mass formula from Beiser and also from S.N.Ghoshal….Prepare the application of Semi-mass formula (like the use of Semi-mass formula for Alpha-decay, Mass Parabola,

β-disintegration of mirror nuclei) from D.C.Tayal and S.N.Ghoshal….

v Ground state of deuteron, magnetic moment and non-central forces: Prepare the properties of the deuteron from D.C.Tayal…and prepare the derivation that deuteron has one state, from S.N.Ghoshal and from S.B.Patel…see IAS 3003 & IFS 2007 question on this topic

v Meson Theory of Nuclear Forces: prepare it from S.B.Patel

v Nuclear Forces: prepare it from S.N.Ghoshal and from D.C.Tayal (prepare a 20 marker on this topic)

v Shell Model of the Nucleus: Prepare the Shell model theory from Resnick & Eisberg...for other topics please refer to S.H.Ghoshal, Pandya & Yadav and D.C.Tayal....Do solve IFS 2008 question asked on this is important that we should not leave any sub-topic in this topic list...

v Violation of parity in beta decay: Prepare IAS 2005 question on this the beta-decay from Resnick & Eisberg and also prepare it from D.C.Tayal and also from of beta decay spectrum can be read from D.C.Tayal.... Selection Rules for beta decay from page-155 of Ghoshal....prepare Fermi theory of beta decay and also Kurie plot....A 20 marker may be asked on explaining the functioning of beta ray Spectrometer so prepare that....Riens & Kowans experiment to detect neutrino can be prepared from S.B.Patel

v Gamma decay and internal conversion: Prepare it from S.B.Patel, selection rules for Gamma decay, method to estimate energy of gamma decay, processes by which gamma ray loses its energy (CSE 2006 question) from Arthur Beiser…. Prepare internal conversion & experimental determination of internal conversion coefficient from S.B.Patel and D.C.Tayal….

v Mossbauer Spectroscopy: prepare it from S.N.Ghoshal, S.B.Patel, Resnick & Eisberg and D.C.Tayal….prepare theory of Mossbauer Spectroscopy and also its application in detail….all the previous year questions of CSE and IFS on this topic must be solved…..

v Prepare Q-value of Nuclear Reactions from S.B.Patel and Arthur Beiser…prepare problems on Q-value from all the books so that different kinds of problems are covered.

v Nuclear fission should be prepared from S.N.Ghoshal, D.C.Tayal and S.B.Patel…Prepare Bohr-Wheeler Theory of Nuclear Fission from Pandya and Yadav…Prepare the Quantum effects in nuclear fission from D.C.Tayal

v Energy production in stars: read it from Beiser and also from Resnick & Eisberg...

v Prepare Nuclear Reactors from Pandya and Yadav, D.C.Tayal and S.N.Ghoshal....Prepare IFS 2011 question on this topic....very few questions have been asked from this topic so it is still not clear what is the syllabus of this prepare what u think to be sufficient

v Classification of Elementary Particles: it is one the most frequently asked question from particle physics so prepare it from Beiser, Resnick & Eisberg and Pandya & Yadav

v For other topics of Particle physics refer Beiser, Resnick & Eisberg, D.C.Tayal, Pandya & Yadav etc....some of concepts regarding Grand Unified Theory is covered well in S.N.Ghoshal

v Do all the end of the Particle Physics chapter questions from D.C.Tayal, Pandya & Yadav, Beiser, Resnick & Eisberg, Modern Physics Schaum Series

v Do all the previously asked questions of IFS and IAS on Particle Physics...

v Prepare three generation of leptons and quarks and their importance from Beiser

v Physics of neutrinos: prepare it from S.B.Patel, S.N.Ghoshal, Resnick & Eisberg

4. Solid State Physics, Devices and Electronics:

Crystalline and amorphous structure of matter; Different crystal systems, space groups; Methods of determination of crystal structure; X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopes; Band theory of solids - conductors, insulators and semiconductors; Thermal properties of solids, specific heat, Debye theory; Magnetism: dia, para and ferromagnetism; Elements of superconductivity, Meissner effect, Josephson junctions and applications; Elementary ideas about high temperature superconductivity. Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; p-n-p and n-p-n transistors; Amplifiers and oscillators; Op-amps; FET, JFET and MOSFET; Digital electronics-Boolean identities,De Morgan’s laws, logic gates and truth tables; Simple logic circuits; Thermistors, solar cells; Fundamentals of microprocessors and digital computers.

Reference Books:

1. Solid State Physics: - A J Dekker

2. Solid State Physics: - S.O.Pillai

3. Introduction to Solid State Physics (8th Ed): - Kittel Charles (main book)

4. Solid State Physics: - W Neil Ashcroft, David N. Mermin

5. Solid State Physics: - R K Puri and V K Babbar (main book)

6. Solid State Physics: - Satya Prakash

7. Concepts of Modern Physics: Arther Beiser

8. Quantum Physics of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei, and Particles : Resnick and Eisberg

9. UGC Net Guide on Physics

v Crystalline and amorphous structure of matter; Different crystal systems, space groups; Methods of determination of crystal structure, X-ray diffraction: Prepare it from Puri and Babbar, Kittel and also from Ashcroft & Mermin

v Scanning and transmission electron microscopes: Prepare it from internet

v Band theory of solids - conductors, insulators and semiconductors: Prepare it from Puri & Babbar, Beiser, Kittel....Prepare one dimensional motion of electron from Resnick & Eisberg

v Thermal properties of solids, specific heat, Debye theory: Prepare it from Puri & Babbar, S.O.Pillai

v Magnetism: dia, para and ferromagnetism: Prepare it from Puri & Babbar and also from S.O.Pillai, Kittel

v Elements of superconductivity, Meissner effect, Josephson junctions and applications; Elementary ideas about high temperature superconductivity : Prepare it from Kittel, S.O.Pillai and also from Puri & prepare all the derivations of Josephson junction, Meissner Effect, SQUID etc from Kittel...Prepare answer to 2007 question of IFS on Cuprates & fullerenes....

v Electronics: i did not prepare much this portion except some digital electronics, intrinsic and Extrinsic it is ur choice to prepare it thoroughly.....

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Chemistry Paper-2 revealed

Some of you have been asking about how to prepare for Chemistry Paper-2...well the only method to prepare is to practice, practice and practice....if you think that paper-2 can be prepared in a short time frame then it is not possible....only method is to practice questions of paper-2 at least for 1.5 hrs everyday (keep the solution manual with you so that in case of any difficulties that can be consulted)....start with one book, finish in 20 days and then move to next book...In this way you will develop a problem solving aptitude and will cover a lot of questions so in exam you will find some of the questions from these books....
The following books are very useful for practice (as a lot of questions have been asked from these books in previous year exams of IAS and IFS): the list is tentative, it may vary according to your choice....
(Click on the link to open the book description and to buy it online)

2. Organic Chemistry by McMurry

Well if some one asks that from where will i get these books....some of them are available on internet at (just type organic chemistry in, you will get almost all the books mentioned above and also more than that, in fact there is no defined book for Chemistry paper-2 and question can come from any book, so it depends on the aspirant that how many books he/she can cover for chemistry paper-2 )..

Most of the above books can be bought in hard copies from the following places
  • Universal Books House, 1697, Nai Sarak, New Delhi, Delhi-06 ,Contact No: 01123261903
  • Agrawal Book Depot, Nai Sarak, New Delhi
  • Jawahar Book Depot, Ber Sarai, Near IIT Delhi, Delhi.
  • Many of the books of Physics and Chemistry are also available on various e-commerce sites like and so one can order them online also and these websites deliver the books at your doorstep....
I have also uploaded some of the above books on a server so u can download them, take printout and read them (no need to buy them if it is costly in the shops) ....Here is the link for the server

Note : There is no shortcut for Chemistry paper-2 so you will have to give more time to it....if u hesitate in buying and reading the books then i can not help.....I had a printer and laptop (so i used to take printout of the relevant chapters and read it accordingly)

P.S: My idea of completeness of preparation of Chemistry paper-2 is that if some one is able to solve Chemistry paper-2 of CSE 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 and 2006 and IFS 2007 and IFS 2011 Chemistry paper-2 then he/she is in having good level in paper-2....and he/she may expect a good score in the paper-2 of Chemistry

Monday, September 19, 2011

My Handwritten notes of Chemistry Paper-1 and Paper-2

Hi Friends,
In the link provided below, I am providing my hand written notes of all 15-chapters of Chemistry paper-I and all the chapter of Chemistry Paper- 2 (except Photochemistry, which i read from the book only) ...I have covered very little on chapter-14 i.e. Main Group Chemistry) in Paper-1 so please consult more books on that.......You will find some of the notes not in my own handwriting, i got them from some teachers and friends....Some of these photocopies of books are for reference and further reading so utilize them according to your need & requirements...
Notes of Chemistry Paper-2 may not be sufficient so please go through the books...please do not ask me which book should i read or not....i have already enumerated the list of books in my earlier blogs....
I have also uploaded a no of books of Chemistry which were with me in soft copy format so u can download and use them.....
I have also scanned synopsis of my chemistry notes that i made and also test papers of DIAS, self made test papers..
Note: What ever is the quality of notes please bear with it....i will not be able to scan the notes again even if it has not come properly in the earlier please please do not request for the same....

Here is the link to download all the notes of Chemistry Paper- 1 and Paper-2 & for Test papers

Saturday, September 17, 2011

FAQs on Science Subjects for Civil Services Examination

Whether to take up a Science optional or not ?
Well the choice is on the individual to decide...but one thing is clear that a science optional is much more demanding than an arts or humanity optional....So the most important factor regarding choosing a science optional should be the shear interest (not the highest score) because every year some body or other will get very high marks in almost all the optional... In science optional even though very people appear but still the competition is very tough because in Physics, Chemistry, Maths or Engineering subjects one has to compete with people from IITs....One should be very clear regarding the requirement of a science optional vis-a vis an arts optional.....Also it takes at least two years of hard work to prepare a science optional so one should keep this in mind also....
Please go through what Mr. Supreet Singh Gulati , IAS Rank-2, 2008 had said (on choosing the Science optional) on the link to open

Whether to take up both Science subjects or not?
This is a difficult question to answer because one should take up both the science subject or one science and one engineering subject only when he is confident enough of handling both of prepare two science subjects becomes a really difficult task, given the vastness of the subjects....that is why it takes lot to time for people with both the science subjects to clear the Civil Services Examination....One-two exceptions will always be there who might have got into IAS in first or second attempt with both the science subjects....but they are really intelligent people (generally IIT JEE top -100 rankers) so One should realize his/her capacity and decide accordingly....
But one thing is clear that if you are taking both the science subjects then you must have lot of perseverance as it generally takes 3-4 attempts to clear the Civil services Examination...Science subjects should not be taken as a stop-gap measure...

Whether I should take a coaching for Science optional or not?
It is not important that u take coaching or not..what is most important is that whether u have command over the subject or not....If u can master the whole syllabus by your own then there is no need for any coaching.....Coaching is just to facilitate the process and to inculcate a discipline.....

Whether coaching is necessary to clear Civil Service Examination ?
Not at all...even people who prepare by their own also clear the examination...

Which is the best coaching for Physics and Chemistry?
It is very difficult to talk about best when there is hardly any coaching institute for Science subjects...I had joined DIAS at Jia Sarai (near IIT Delhi) for Physics (in 2005) and Chemistry (in 2006) is the link for DIAS
The benefit that i got here was that almost all the sincere students of science subjects come here for coaching or test series @ it keeps you on tows regarding the preparation....I do not know any other coaching even worth mentioning, forget about joining please be careful before joining any coaching, attend at least 15 days of classes before paying them any money....because there are lot of fraud coaching institutes which hardly teach any thing....just do not go by ADs... inquire properly before joining them...

Whether i need to go through all the books mentioned in your blog? What are the basic books for the Physics and Chemistry?
Well the choice is yours, that whether you want to go through or not...but the fact that in UPSC, a science optionals can not be prepared from 3-4 books...syllabus is so scattered &vast that one requires at least 3-4 books for each of the topic...had there been 1-2 books even i would have read and passed the examination rather than taking so much pain of going through all the books mentioned in my blog....
There more number of books you will cover, better and comprehensive preparation your preparation will be (well it depends on the time available also!!).... There is always a room for improvement in the quality of answers that comes from reading more no of books, rather than going through one book many times... The strategy of preparing an arts optional is much different than a science optional....another factor is that there is hardly any good coaching institute available for science and engineering optional so one has to take more pain and prepare the whole syllabus by its own....
Another factor is that in a competitive exam like UPSC if one thinks that he has got command over the syllabus by reading 1-2 book on every topic, then you will always find some other candidate who might have read more no of books than you & will have a more comprehensive idea over the subject....
Another factor is that to prepare 70 % of syllabus takes 50-55 % of time whereas to prepare grey area of 30 % it takes 45- 50% of our time....
Another factor is that is science optional, you can not write answers on ur intuition as the questions are more of derivations, problem solving or theory of a phenomenon......if you do not know any question then you can not write even a single word on this demands more comprehensive preparation to attempt the whole paper....

What is the scaling formula in Science optional ?
Please do not waste your time on discussing this as this is of no use because no body knows the UPSC's scaling should rather focus on preparing the subject well than thinking on there issues...because i could never guess how scaling is being done...
In Civil Services Examination, 2006 i had only 200 marks correct in Physics paper-1 and i got 179 marks, then in 2007 exam, i had more than 240 correct then i got only 165 marks...and in 2009 examination i had 220 marks correct and i got 174 can any body correlate...

From where One can get previous years' solved papers of Physics and Chemistry for Civil Services Mains Examination?
Previous years' solved papers are not provided by any coaching institute in Delhi...Only Brilliant Tutorials send previous years' solved papers so one may join their is the link :
Some of the solved papers f physics and chemistry may be available at Bharat Book Depot at Ber Sarai , near IIT Delhi...
Regarding the unsolved papers of Science subjects, one can get it from UPSC website ( for year 2008, 2009 and 2010) but not for earlier is the link for papers
Otherwise one may get unsolved papers of any subject at Jawahar Book Depot at Ber Sarai, near IIT Delhi...
You will not find the papers on internet so please do not waste your time on internet...

Whether My hand written notes of Physics and Chemistry are sufficient or not?
It is not for me to decide about what is sufficient for people are better judge for yourselves...what is sufficient or not ,depends on ur level of preparation, ur strategy and ur comfort level on the subject far as i am concerned, i used to read from these notes only,and after that i never used to get read the books....if u ask me these notes are too much, from the current level of UPSC...If you master them then i think you may get very high marks....
Regarding Chemistry paper-2, i would like to say that i used to refer a lot of books apart from the notes....

From where will i get the notes of Mr. R.K.Singh's notes of Chemistry that i have mentioned in my blog?
Well i do not have idea about it because that person no longer teaches any where...but you may find his notes in Jia Sarai, near IIT Delhi...I have incorporated almost all the things that were there in his notes so one can download my notes and utilize them.....

Where can i get the performance of science subjects in last few years?
refer to an earlier post in my blog with title " Performance of science subjects"
For other optional subjects one may refer to the annual reports of UPSC to know about their is the link:

Where will i get mark sheet of candidates who appeared with science subjects?
well this is not available for current year i.e. 2010 Civil Services Examination but you may get mark sheets of previous years (2007, 2008 exam) in some of the social networking sites or in internet...

Saturday, September 3, 2011

My Physics Notes..

Here is the link for downloading my hand written notes of Physics...Till today i have uploaded five topics i.e.
1. Electricity and Magnetism, Electromagnetic Theory and Black body Radiation
2. Quantum Mechanics
3. Atomic and Molecular Physics
4. Nuclear Physics
5. Solid State Physics & Electronics

Notes of other 3 topics are not with me right now and it will take another 20-30 days to get them so please do not send request for uploading the same right now... I will do it whenever it get those notes...

here is the link for downloading these 5 topics...!102

Please click on the above link to open it....Note that it is not http:// but it is https://

Wednesday, August 31, 2011

Physics Books and Solution Manuals

Hi all
here is the link for downloading the solution manual for
1. Introduction to Electrodynamics (3rd Edition) by D.J. Griffiths
2. Introduction to Quantum Mechanics (2nd Edition) by D.J. Griffiths

The solution manual for Electrodynamics is having .djvu extention, so download the .djvu viewer....or other wise here is the link for PDF file of the same solution manual

3. There are some Questions in the book (pertaining to Civil Services mains examination) Problems in General Physics by I.E.Irodov so one can try is the link for downloading Problems in General Physics by I.E.Irodov book :
Note: do solve problems of relativity,Thermodynamics, Quantum mechanics, Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Particle Physics....some questions are extremely good and important...

4. The download link for the solution manual for the book: Problems in General Physics by I.E. Irodov is

Wednesday, May 11, 2011

Civil Services 2010 Final Results

Performance of Chemistry in Civil Services 2010 Final total there were 7 persons who got selected with a Chemistry as an optional.......
Rank Roll No. Name Optional-I Optional-II

Friday, May 6, 2011

Performance of Science subjects...

Hi all, I have complied the result of science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) in last 7 years, from annual reports of UPSC (

Optional Subject

Number of candidates


Number of candidates


Percentage of successful candidates

Maths (2002)




Maths (2003)




Maths (2004)




Maths (2005)




Maths (2006)




Maths (2007)




Maths (2008)




Optional Subject

Number of candidates


Number of candidates


Percentage of successful candidates





























Optional Subject

Number of candidates


Number of candidates


Percentage of successful candidates